The Birth of Gaming

There are several diffrent types of Gaming Systems today. If you take a look into the gaming world you will see that computer and computer games is the mother of all gaming systems and consoles..

 

 

In the beginning...

A Gaming Timeline

William Higinbotham created the first video game ever in 1958. The first computer game was called "Tennis for Two". This game was played on a Brookhaven National Laboratory oscilloscope.

In 1962, Steve Russell invented SpaceWar!. Spacewar! was the first game intended for computer use. Russell used a MIT PDP-1 mainframe computer to design his game.

In 1967, Ralph Baer wrote the first video game played on a television set, a game called Chase.

In 1971, Nolan Bushnell together with Ted Dabney, created the first arcade game. It was called Computer Space, based on Steve Russell's earlier game of Spacewar!. The arcade game Pong was created by Nolan Bushnell (with help from Al Alcorn) a year later in 1972. Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney started Atari Computers that same year. In 1975, Atari re-released Pong as a home video game.

In 1972, the first commercial video game console that could be played in the home, the Odyssey was released by Magnavox and designed by Ralph Baer.

In 1976, Fairchild released the first programmable home game console called the Fairchild Video Entertainment System, and later renamed Channel F. Channel F was one of the first electronic systems to use the newly invented microchip.

On June 17, 1980, Atari's "Asteroids" and "Lunar Lander" were the first two video games to ever be registered in the Copyright Office.

Games of Yesterday...

Magnavox Odyssey
Released in 1972

The Magnavox Odyssey is the first home video game console. It proved that consoles for the home could be designed. The Odyssey was designed by Ralph Baer, who had a working prototype finished by 1968. This prototype is affectionately known as the "Brown Box" to classic video game hobbyists. This video game console was powered by batteries. The Odyssey used a removable circuit card that inserts into a slot that looks like a cartridge slot. The first game released on the Odyssey was Tennis. Magnavox other games consoles to keep up the Atari gaming consoles. Magnavox released three new version called the Odyssey 2000, Odyssey 3000 and Odyssey 4000 in 1977. The Odyssey 5000 was planned to be released as well, but never was released. The 5000 version was designed to play 24 games for two or four players. The Odyssey 4000 was the last system released by Magnavox.


The Odyssey was released in May 1972.The Odyssey was discontinued in 1976.

The third version of the Atari Video Computer System sold from 1980 to 1981.

Atari Video Gaming System
Released in 1972

Atari Games Inc. created the first computerized game console. This gaming console was used for home gaming that plugged directly into your televison set. Atari Pong was the first game released by the Atari Corp. in 1980. Atari's gaming console was a direct compeitior with Magnavox's Odyessy. Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney founded an engineering firm called Syzygy Engineering and then hired Al Alcorn as design engineer. Bushnell decided to have Alcorn produce an arcade version of the Odyssey's Tennis game, which would be named Pong. In 1975, Bushnell produced another flexible video game console that was capable of playing all four of Atari's then-current games. In 1977 the Atari 2600 was born; the Atari 2600 was one of the most successful consoles in history to be sold. The Atari 2600 is credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware; it used cartridges containing game code, instead of using non-microprocessor cartridges. We owe the famous Pac-Man to the Atari 2600..In 1984, the original Atari Game Inc. was split, and the arcade division was turned into Atari Games Inc. and the computer game divison was turned into Hasbro Interactive. Atari's home computer games and video game console and arcade divisions operated independently of one another. Habro Interactive soon bought back the Atari Game Inc and became Infrogames. Infrogames is still in production today. In 2003 Infrogames became Atari once again with focus on online games and software only.

Games of Today...

The Sony Playstation

The Playstation 2 (PS2)

The Playstation 3 (PS3)

The Sony Playstation
Released in 1991

In 1988 Sony and Nintendo were working together to develop the Super Disc. The Super Disc was supposed to be used in Nintendo's Super Nintendo gaming system; however they did not use the Super Disc tenchology and developed thier Super Nintendo gaming system without it. Sony and Nintendo parted ways but Sony kept the Super Disc tenchology, modified it, and depveloped the Playstation.

In 2000 Sony released thier updated version of the Playstation nicknamed The PS2. The Playstaion 2 was is best selling gaming console to date by reaching over 140 million units in sales by mid-2008. The PS2 was backwards compatiable with first Playstation, so Playstation game owners could play thier Playstation 1 games on a PS2.

In November 2006, Playstation competing with Microsoft's XBOX 360 and Nintendo's Wii, hit an all time high when they released the PS3. The Playstation 3 introduced thier version of online gaming with the orginal concept of the home gaming system. The Playstation 3 has a wireless adapter build right in, all you need is internet access. Games and updated software can be downloaded right from the playstation through the Interactive Playstation Network which was developed specaily for the Playstation 3. Through the Playstation Network you can also play online with anyone who has your game and a Playstation 3.

The XBOX

The XBOX 360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Microsoft XBOX
Released in 2001

In 2001 the leading computer software company Microsoft released thier very first gaming console called the XBOX. The XBOX was a top competitor with Sony's Playstation and Nintendo's Game Cube. The XBOX was based off PC hardware which used Direct X. This gaming system used Direct X technology. The Xbox was the first console to use a hard disk dive for storing games. This elimanated the use of memory cards, a technology used for storing games. The memory card was used for the Playstation and Nintendo. The XBOX sold well but could not withstand the selling power of the Playstation or the Game Cube. In 2006 the XBOX was discontinued.

In late 2005 an updated version of the XBOX was released. With cooperation with IBM and AIT Microsoft revealed the XBOX 360. The integrated Xbox Live service allows players to compete online and download content such as arcade games, game demos, trailers, TV shows, and movies. The difference between XBOX and XBOX 360 is the online capabilites of the 360.

The Nintendo Entertainment System

The Nintendo Gameboy and Nintendo Gameboy Advanced

The Nintendo Game Cube

The Nintendo DS

The Nintendo Wii

The Nintendo Wii Sport and NintendoWii Fit

 

The Nintendo Entertainment System
Released in 1985

The Nintendo Corp. started out as a card company manufacturing playing cards. In 1974, Nintendo Corp secured the rights to distribute the Magnavox Odyssey home video game system in Japan. In 1977, Nintendo began to produce its own version of the Odyssey called Famicom. In 1985 Nintendo released thier first video arcade game console for US distrubition called The Nintendo Entertainment System. With the Nintendo Entertainment System came the Super Mario Bro. The Super Mario Bro. is still one of the best selling Nintendo games today.

In 1989 the Nintendo Corp released the Gameboy. The Nintendo Gameboy was a handheld version of the original Nintendo. Nintendo released thier version of Tetris. By packaging the Tetris and Gameboy in on bundle the Gameboy appealed to most adults, which eventually turn Nintendo Corp into a child and adult gaming developer corporation. The Game Boy is also the birthplace of Pokémon; Pokémon later adapted to television cartoons and trading card franchises.

In 2001, Nintendo Corp released thier Game Cube. The Nintendo Game Cube was Nintendo's first console that used the optical disk tenchology to compete with the Sony Playstation and XBOX DVD playback features. Nintendo teamed with Panasonic to release the Nintendo Game Gube. The Nintendo Game Cube incorporates a Game Cube and a Panasonic DVD player into a single unit. The Nintedo Game Cube did not initially have the network adaptor need for online game play, but was later developed to be bought as an attachment to the Game Cube.

In 2004, Nintendo Corp developed the Nintendo DS. This is a small dual-screen portable Game Cube. The Nintendo Corp built this with the same mentality as the GameBoy. They wanted thier most popular game console on the market as a hand held game as well. The Nintendo DS has a small microphone built inside along with a wireless adaptor to allow online game play. The Nintendo DS also comes with a stylus.

In November 2006, Nintendo broke through all gaming barriers and launched The Nintendo Wii. The Nintendo Wii is known for its wireless remote controller which uses a senosor bar for active game play. Since its launch, the Nintendo Wii console have had higher sales than its competitors across the globe. With the Wii, Nintendo is on an equal footing with the PS3 and the XBOX 360 using the same wireless adaptor cocept. The Wii however is the most phyiscally active gameing system. Players must physically move the remote controller in gameplay. The Nintendo Wii is getting gamers off the couch and keeping the active throughout the entire game play. The Nintendo Wii has a two side games that are not actually part of the console but are sometimes sold with the console, Nintendo Wii Sport and Nintendo Wii Fit.

 

Games of Tomorrow...

What is in store for the gaming community of the future. Who know what the gaming consoles will look like. More and more people are starting to play video games. Before, video games were just a past time activity for the children; but now, adults 30 to 40 years old is still playing video games. Thier are even jobs just for creating and playing video games.

Because the video game console reley on the computer software inbedded in them, as long as comptuers get more advance, so will gaming consoles.

This year the creator of The Sims, a compter game, Will Wright develepoded the game Spore in which you start out as an single celled orgainsm and you evole into a create of your own design, then create tribes, citys, plants, then universes. This game will be never ending. Soon video games will evole just as computer games do. The video game concept will be never ending. With the techonolgy today we can use 3D hologram system and place someone right in our living rooms. Just image if they turned that into a game console. Tomorrow we may be playing a war game on a video game console that will actually bring the war 360 degrees around us by using the hologram system. Nintendo has already started on making one.

 

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