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Parts of a Kimono


upper lining

eri collar

hem guard

furi sleeve below armhole
maemigoro front main section

opening below armhole


front panel below main section



sodeguchi sleeve opening

armhole seam

susomawashi lower lining
tamoto sleeve pouch
tomoeri over collar

rear main section

uraeri inner collar
yuki sleeve length

Kimono Glossary

aijiro Fabric woven with shaved bamboo and cypress trees.
araeru Washable kimono.
chirimen A wavy, wrinkled, crepe silk fabric with a distinctive weaving technique resulting from twisting the threads while weaving.
chuya obi A night and day obi, a reversible obi with two different patterns inside and outside.
donsu Damask silk with a thick and glossy texture.
fudangi A kimono for everyday occasions.
fukuro obi A double fold obi with a pattern on one side used for formal and semiformal occasions.
furisode A patterned kimono with longer sleeves for unmarried women worn for a wedding, Coming-of-Age Day, and parties.
genroku sode A kimono with a short sleeve with rounded corners.
geta Wooden sandals.
habutae A plain weave silk that resembles taffeta which was produced in Kyoto in during and after the Momoyama Period.
hakata obi A single layer, tightly woven, thick thread obi.
hakkake The hem of a kimono which is colored brightly to match the kimono and is considered very fashionable.
hanhaba obi A half width obi that can be worn for a more casual look or over the larger width obi for contrast.
haneri A collar worn inside the kimono.
haori A half coat kimono type garment meant to be worn over a kimono.
happi coat A half length, open front coat with a full length collar.
hiougi A a fragrant fan made of hinoki cypress tree wood.
hitoe A non-lined kimono worn in the summer.
homongi A kimono worn when visiting someone's home or formal parties. It has one connected, flowing design from the collar to bottom edge of the kimono. This kimono is often worn with a fukuro obi, obiage, ad obijime.
ichimatsu A limono with a checkerboard pattern.
iromofuku Similar to the kuromofuku but a color and one family crest rather than black with three family crest.
iromuji  A solid color kimono with no motif, but it can have family crests.
irotomesode A formal light colored kimono with five family crests similar to the kurotomesode. It's the second most formal kimono for married women.
juban A kimono undergarment that is never worn alone in public.
juni hitoe The 12 to 15 layers of kimono worn by women during the Heian Period.
The family crest that is found on the back of a kimono, usually in sets of 5, 3 and 1.
kanoko shibori A dying technique that resembles the spotting on a fawn's coat.
kanzashi A hairpin worn when wearing a kimono.
kasuri The technique for weaving of pre-dyed threads that creates designs with blurred edges.
katazome A stencil dying technique which uses starch resistant stencils.
kiku Chrysanthemum
kimono Ki meaning to wear and Mono meaning thing.
kin ran A silk twill fabric with interwoven gold threads.
kinsha A fine grade of chirimen.
kinsya A high, quality, light, silk gauze that has gold threads woven into it.
kinu Silk
kiri no hana Paulownia leaves
kofurisode A short sleeved furisode kimono with sleeves that are about 30 inches long.
kougai An ornamental hairpin.
kuromofuku A black silk kimono with five family crests that is to be worn at a funeral.
kurotomesode A very formal kimono for married women with three family crests and a wrap around design only on the bottom that is to be worn only at weddings.
maru obi A double wide obi with a crease down the center decorated with small repeated motifs.
meisen A silk kimono was the most popular garment at the beginning of the Showa era. The fabric has a woven surface decoration that appears as a shimmering, soft-edged pattern.
michiyuki A kimono overcoat with a square collar and buttons in the front that is to be worn to protect the kimono from rain.
mofuku Morning wear, a black silk kimono with five family crests that is to be worn at a funeral, includes black obi and footwear.
momen Cotton fabric.
momiji Japanese maples leaves.
mon A family crest that is embroidered in white on kimono.
nagajuban Under clothing worn to assure that the kimono does not get worn or sweat stained.
obi A waist sash to be worn over a kimono.
obiage A sash of light weight material worn at the top edge of the obi used to stabilize the obi bow.
obidome A small decorative item placed in the front, middle of the obiage.
obijime A decorative cord of silk, satin or gold brocade used to stabilize the obi bow and obi.
omeshi A fabric woven with strongly twisted pre-dyed silk threads and are considered extremely valuable.
omieshi A plain weave fabric.
nagajuban An under kimono garment.
rinzu A woven damask fabric with a repeated motif.
ro A gauzy fabric for very light summer kimono that appears to have stripes woven into it.
sakizome Pre-dyed thread for weaving kimono fabric.
sakura no hana Cherry blossoms.
sashiko A quilting technique to create a thickened material for winter kimono.
seigaiha An abstract pattern of concentric arc that looks like fish scales.
sha A plain gauzy fabric for very light summer kimono.
shibori A dye resist technique similar to tie-dying.
shikinshi A general term used for plants such as orchid, chrysanthemum, plum, and bamboo.
shitsuke The top stitch threads that keep kimono in good condition while under construction. Once completed by the tailor these threads are removed before wearing.
take no hana Bamboo leaves.
tanmono A roll of kimono fabric that is 13 inches wide and 10 yards long.
tomesode A formal black kimono worn by married women.
tsukeage An elegant kimono for everyday wear.
tsuru Crane.
tsuzumi A hand held drum used as a textile motif.
uchikake A bride's wedding kimono with bright colors, intricate motifs, rolled hem, and extremely heavy.
uchiwa A round faced fan used as a textile motif.
yukata A lightweight, cotton kimono for summer wear.
zori Elegant dress slippers worn with kimono.