The Most Prominent Characteristics of Sex Trafficking Victims



According to the United States Commercial Code, sex trafficking can be defined as any action that requires “the recruitment, harbouring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act” (22 USC § 7102).

Facts about this crime:

- Internationaly developed

- Modern version of slavery

- The biggest issue of modern world

- 800 000 victimes trafficked every year

- Around 18 000 imported in the US

The most common characteristcs of the sex trafficking victims:

-Three age groups:

1. Under 19

2. 19-30

3. Above 30

- Economical background:

Less developed countries tend to have higher rates of exportation of the sex trafficking victims

- Ethnical backgorund

Statistics show that majority of the victims have Asian and Hispanic heritage

 

Age factor:

Ethnical Backgorund
Statistically, the victims under the age of 19 have the biggest chances of keeping their virginity by the time they get in touch with traffickers; therefore they are most likely to be objects of the human trafficking auctions. The younger the victims is, the most likely is to be physically attractive to the potential costumers, therefore her living conditions will include better nutrition and sleeping conditions, at least for the first several years. Physical attractiveness directly influences the ability of the victim to be exploited in the escort services, which again brings many benefits to the victim in these kinds of conditions. In order to maintain the attractiveness of the escort exploited victim, the trafficker is less likely to physically abuse this woman. Furthermore, the escort services not necessarily include sexual interaction with hired woman, which stands as one benefit of this position in regard to other victims.

According to statistics, majority of sex trafficking victims belong to either Asian or Hispanic ethnical group (Bruggeman, 61). The roots of this data lie in the fact that predominately masculine societies that are basing their culture and believe on the patriarchate, restrict the development of the education among women, decrease their literacy and ability to get protected, as well as increase their dependence of the man. Therefore, these women naturally tend to be the easier target for the sex trafficking operations, given in the forms of employment commercials. However, the statistic show that making generalization regarding this factor is completely irrelevant, proving that the rural areas are more likely to be influenced by sex trafficking crimes, than more developed cities (Gozdziak, 109). Both Asian and Hispanic cultures marked the increase in the female education and independence during the last several decades, which directly leads to decrease of the sex trafficking treats.

Economical backgorund
The third very dominant factor in determination of the sex trafficking victims is their economical background. In the majority of the cases, this factor is tightly connected to the ethnical background of the victim and the culture where the victim is coming from. However, the ethnicity cannot universally determine the economical background of the person. The tendency of the undeveloped countries to gain material prosperity and afford better living conditions often results in accepting any type of the employment in the highly developed countries. On this way almost 17 500 persons get imported in the United States annually (Gozdziak, 109).

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